Simulation of CO2 Gas Adsorption Process Flow at Cyclone Gas Outlet in Palm Oil Mills Using Computation Fluid Dynamic Simulation

Novi Sylvia, Yunardi Yunardi, Husni Husni, Abrar Muslim


Cyclone separator is equipment used to control emissions  from gas flow in industrial processes. The principle of removing particulates from the gas flow in this tool is to use the centrifugal force. The centrifugal force generated from the rotating flow will make dust       particles wasted into the cyclone wall where the dust will then fall into the hopper. Adsorption is a series of processes for the accumulation of a substance (adsorbate) on the surface of another substance (adsorbent). Adsorption can occur because of the energy on the surface and the attraction force on the surface. This study aims to obtain a good CO2 adsorption efficiency from modifying the cyclone separator using an adsorption column, analyzing the CO2 gas adsorption process produced from the biomass system at the utility unit boiler station at the Palm Oil Mill (PMO) using a modified cyclone. This simulation was carried out using the Autodesk Inventor Professional 2017 (Student Version) application for the descripction of the tool as a preprocessor and Ansys 2019 R3 (Student Version) applications as a processor and post processor. The variations that were applied included the adsorption column bed height of 3100 mm and 4650 mm, respectively, CO2 gas flow rates of 10, 12.5, 15, 17.5, 20, 22.5 dan 25 m/s and mass loading 0,001 kg/s. The results obtained in the most optimal modification of the cyclone separator are at a bed height of 3100 mm with the highest adsorption percentage 93.437%, the highest flow 91.974% with a pressure drop of 1000 Pa.


Cyclone, Adsorption, Efficiency, Bed Height, CO2

Full Text:



Rhendy, K.P.W., Outlook kelapa sawit, Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Sekretariat Jenderal. 2019, Jakarta: Kementerian Pertanian.

Daniele, D.A., Rino, G., Daniele, M., Gianfranco, P., Gaseous emissions from fossil fuels and biomass combustion in small heating appliances. Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 2012. 4: p. 37-46.

Garcia, J.E.M., Martinez, L.A., Ceron, L.C.B., Rojas, N.Y., Corporate carbon footprint of a palm oil mill. Tecciencia, 2017. 13: p. 1-10.

Rashid, M., Chong, W.C., Ramli, M., Zainura, Z.N., Norruwaida, J., Evaluation of particulate emission from a palm oil mill boiler. Sains in Malaysiana, 2013. 9: p. 1289-1292.

Fodora, M., Gadus, J., Marecek, J., Vitez, T., Kazimirova, V., Design of laboratory cyclone separator for biogas purification. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Et Silviculture Mendeliane Brunensis, 2013. 61: p. 631-635.

Rashid, M., Syahirah, M.M., NorRuwaida, J., Huda, N., Characteristics of particulate emission from a biomass fired boiler. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 2014. 2: p. 265-271.

Bezerra, D.P., Oliveira, R.S., Vieira, R.S., Cavalcante Jr, C.L., Azevedo, D.C.S., Adsorption of CO2 on nitrogen-enriched activated carbon and zeolite 13X. Springer Science+Business Media, 2011. 17: p. 235-246.

Hauchhum, L., Mahanta, P., Carbon dioxide adsorption on zeolites and activated carbon by pressure swing adsorption in a fixed bed. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 2014. 5: p. 349-356.

Younas, M., Sohail, M., Leong, L.K., JK Bashir, M., Sumathi, S., Feasibility of CO2 adsorption by solid adsorbents: a review on low-temperature systems. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 2016. 13: p. 1839–1860.

Rashidi, N.A., Yusup, S., Potential of palm kernel shell as activated carbon precuesors through single stage acti vation technique for carbon dioxide adsorption. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017. 168: p. 474-486.

Singh, V.K., Kumar, E.A, Comparative Studies on CO2 Adsorption Kinetics by Solid Adsorbents. Energy Procedia, 2014. 90: p. 316-325.

Yunardi., F., U., Munawar, E., Putra, B.P., Razali, A., Sylvia, N., Response surface methodology approach to the optimization of cyclone separator geometry for maximum collection efficiency. International Journal on Advance Science Engineering Information Technology, 2019. 9: p. 1302-1308.

Kun, Y.C., and Abdullah, A.M., Simulation of total dust emission from palm oil mills in Malaysia using biomass fuel composition and dust collector efficiency models. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 2013. 4: p. 1-13.

Funk, P.A., Elsayed, K., Yeater, K.M., Holt, G.A., Whitelock, D.P., Could cyclone performance improve with reduced inlet velocity? Powder Technology, 2015. 280: p. 211-218.

Tang, C., Shu, Y., Zhang, R., Li, X., Song, J., Li, B., Zhang, Y., Ou, D., Comparison of the removal and adsorption mechanisms of cadmium and lead from aqueous solution by activated carbons prepared from Typha angustifolia and Salix matsudana. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. 7: p. 16092-16103.

Sylvia, N., Mutia, R., Malasari., Dewi, R., Bindar, Y., Yunardi, A computational fluid dynamic comparative study on CO2 adsorption performance using activated carbon and zeolite in a fixed bed reactor. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019. 536: p. 1-10.

Xiong, Z., Ji, Z., Wu, X., Development of a cyclone separator with high efficiency and low pressure drop in axial inlet cyclones. Powder Technology, 2014. 253: p. 644-649.

Xiong, B., Lu, X.F., Amano, R.S., Shu, C., Experimental research on gas-solid flow in a square cyclone separator with double inlets. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, 2010: p. 393-397.

Yang, J.X., Sun, G.G., Zhang, Y.M., Ma, Q., Li, C., The effect of inlet velocity on the performance of oil shale ash cyclone separator. Oil Shale, 2017. 34: p. 155-166.

Prabhansu., R., S., Ganguli, S., Chandra, P., Kr karmakar, M., Kr Chatterjee, P., Numerical analysis of gassolid behavior in a cyclone separator for circulating fluidized bed system. Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 2017. 10: p. 1167-1176.

Gritti, F., Guiochon, G., Effect of the flow rate on the measurement of adsorption data by dynamic frontal analysis. Journal of Chromatography A, 2005. 1069: p. 31-42.

Liang, M., Mengya, H., Pengbo, F., Xia, J., Wenjie, Lv., Yuan, H., Yi, L., Adsorption of volatile organic compounds on modified spherical activated carbon in a new cyclonic fluidized bed. Separation and Purification Technology, 2020. 235: p. 1-11.

Paul, A.F., Hughs, S.E., Holt, G.A., Entrance velocity optimization for modified dust cyclone. The Journal of Cotton Science, 2000. 4: p. 178-182.

Bahrami, A., Qorbani, F., Mahjub, H., Aliabadi, M. , Effects of velocity and particles load on efficiency of cyclone in the stone crushing units at Azendarian ar-ea. Journal of Research in Health Sciences, 2008. 8: p. 12-17.

Haixia, L., Bingguang, G., Bin, L., Numerical analysis of flow dynamics of cyclone separator used for circulating fluidized bed boiler. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 2015. 45: p. 991-996.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Novi Sylvia, Yunardi Yunardi, Husni Husni, Abrar Muslim

International Journal of Engineering, Science and Information Technology (IJESTY) eISSN 2775-2674