Optimum Risk-Based Management on the Lhokseumawe City Ring Road which is Vulnerable to Coastal Abrasion

Teuku Muhammad Ridwan, Amri Amri, Syahrial Syahrial, A F Ayob

Abstract


The city of Lhokseumawe, which is one of the cities that has a topography such as a bay and a very busy area as the center of government, business, and services, has also experienced congestion. In 2012, the Lhokseumawe City Government has started planning to build a 7.6 Kilometer Lhokseumawe City Ring Road, starting from Sp.Kandang – Pusong and Sp. Lestari – Loskala. The ring road construction is along the shores of Ujong Blang Beach and KP3, where Ujong Blang Beach and KP3 since 1998 until now continue to experience abrasion. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of abrasion speed of Ujong Blang Beach and KP3 Beach and risk factors other than abrasion for an optimal risk-based management model approach to the Lhokseumawe City Ring Road as coastal infrastructure that is prone to abrasion and other risks. The method used to determine the abrasion rate is based on Landsat ETM+ (Enhanced Thematic Mapper) satellite data for a period of 25 years (1995 – 2020) which is analyzed by the Digital Shoreline Analysis System. The results showed that the magnitude of the abrasion speed of Ujong Blang Beach and KP3 Beach was -2.11 m/year and the farthest accretion occurred on the coast on transect 83 with an accretion distance of 111.34 m or around 4.45. Meanwhile, other factors were sea waves. with a period range of 2.33-10.25 s with an average of 4.57 s. Furthermore, the height of the coastal topography ranges from 0.00-8.60 m with an average of 4.30 m and the coastal slope observed at 8 observation locations obtained a coastal slope range of 2.90-4.47% with an average slope of 3,76%. The optimum risk-based management carried out by the ring road manager is the ALARP-principles approach to control very high to high risk (ALARP Zone), namely by building a preventive building in the form of a conventional type of breakwater with minimal handling costs to mitigate a greater impact on the environment. Damage to the Lhokseumawe City Ring Road if the risk occurs during the life of the road plan.

Keywords


Infrastructure Management, Ring Road, Risk, Abras.

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References


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Wideman, Max.R. (1992). Project And Program Risk Management: A Guide To Managing Project Risk Opportunities. Project Management Institute. Amerika.

Xuchao Yang, Lin Lin, Yizhe Zhang, Tingting Ye, Qian Chen, Cheng Jin, and Guanqiong Y, (2019). Spatially Explicit Assess-ment of Social Vulnerability in Coastal China, Sustainability, https://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability, 11, 5075.

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Alesheikh AA, Ghorbanali A, Nouri N. 2007. Coastline change detection using remote sensing. Int J Env Sci Tech. 4 (1): 61-66.

Ruiz LA, Pardo JE, Almonacid J, Rodriguez B. 2007. Coastline automated detection and multi resolution evaluation using satellite images. In Proceedings of Coastal Zone. Portland, Oregon. Vol. 7.

Sakka, Purba M, Nurjaya IW, Pawitan H, Siregar VP. 2011. Studi perubahan garis pantai di Delta Sungai Jeneberang, Makassar. ITKT. 3 (2): 112-126.

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Adji, S. H., Putra, R. D., Suhana, M. P., Febrianto, T., & Koenawan, C. J. (2020). Characteristic of sea waves Southern Batam City waters-Northen Lingga District waters. Journal of Applied Geospatial Information, 4(2), 367–371. https://doi.org/10.30871/jagi.v4i2.1458

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Dolan, A. H., & Walker, I. J. (2006). Understanding vulnerability of coastal communities to climate change related risks. Journal of Coastal Research.

Joesidawati, M. I. (2016). Penilaian Kerentanan Pantai di Wilayah Pesisir Kabupaten Tuban Terhadap Ancaman Kerusakan. Jurnal Kelautan: Indonesian Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 9(2), 188–198. https://doi.org/10.21107/jk.v9i2.1667

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USACE. (2003). Coastal Engineering Manual. In Coastal Engineering Manual (Issue August 2001). https://doi.org/10.1093/intimm/dxs026

Wyrtki, K. (1961). Physical Oceanography of the Southeast Asian Waters. Naga Report Volume 2. Scientific Results of Marine Investigation of the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand 1959-1961. Physical Oceanography of the Southeast Asian Waters. Naga Report Volume 2. Scientific Results of Marine Investigation of the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand 1959-1961, 195. https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.1994.00540230067015

Duffield, C & Trigunarsyah, B. (1999). Project Management, Conception to Completion, Engineering Education, Australia. (EEA). Australia.

Dushmanta Dutta. (2011). An integrated tool for assessment of flood vulnerability of coastal cities to sea-level rise and potential socio-economic impacts: a case study in Bangkok, Thailand Hydrological Sciences Journal – Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, 56(5).

Faizal Kasim. (2012). Pendekatan Beberapa Metode dalam Monitoring Perubahan Garis Pantai Menggunakan Dataset Penginder-aan Jauh Landsat dan SIG, Jurnal Ilmiah Agropolitan, Volume 5 Nomor 1 April 2012, ISSN 2089-0036.

Fazly Amri Mohd, Khairul Nizam Abdul Mauluda, Othman A. Karima, Rawshan Ara Begum, Nor Aslinda Awang, Anizawati Ahmad, Wan Ahmad Hafiz Wan Mohamed Azhary, Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Mokhtar Jaafar, Wan Hanna Melini Wan Mohtara. (2019). Comprehensive coastal vulnerability assessment and adaptation for Cherating-Pekan coast, Pahang, Malaysia, Ocean and Coastal Management, Volume182, www.elsevier.com/locate/ocecoaman.

Fisk, E.R. (1997). Construction Project Administration Fifth Edition. Prentice Hall. New Jersey.

Flanagan, R & Norman, G. (1993). Risk Management and Construction. Blackwell Science, London.

Guilherme Clarindo1 & M. T. Reis & C. J. E. M. Fortes & Germán Rodríguez. (2018). Risk assessment of coastal flood in a site of special scientific interest, Journal of Coastal Conservation, 22:1157–1166.

Health and Safety Executive (HSE). (1999). Reducing risks, protecting people, HSEBooks, https://www.hse.gov.uk/managing/theory/r2p2.pdf.

International Organization for Standardization, ISO 31000, Risk Management. https://www.iso.org/obp/ui#iso:std:iso:31000:ed-2:v1:en, 2018.

International Organization for Standardization, ISO/IEC 31010. (2009) Risk management-Risk assessment techniques, United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive, https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iec:31010:ed-2:v1:en,fr.

J. Gault, A.M. O’Hagan, V. Cummins, J. Murphy, T. Vial. (2011). Erosion management in Inch beach, South West Ireland, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 54,930-94.

Jasa Marga, Indonesia Highway Corporation. (2021). Teknik dan Metode Evaluasi Risiko, http://app.jasamarga.co.id/bmmr/library/assets/01a.pdf,

Johni Miah, Khandaker Tanvir Hossain, Mallik Akram Hossain, Syeda Ishrat Najia. (2020). Assessing coastal vulnerability of Chittagong District, Bangladesh using geospatial techniques, Journal of Coastal Conservation, 24:66, www.doi.org/10.1007/s11852-020-00784-2.

K. Sharan Kumar, RM. Narayanan. (2020). Review on construction risk and development of risk management procedural index – A case study from Chennai construction sector, Materials Today: Proceedings, www.elsevier.com/locate/matpr.

Kangari, R. (1995). Risk Management Perceptions and Trends of U.S. Construction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. ASCE. December.

M. A. Shubin. (2016). The Destruction of the Foundations of Structures in Coastal Areas of the Volgograd Region, Procedia En-gineering Volume 150, 2232 – 2237, www.elsevier.com/ locate/procedia.

M.R. Phillips, A.L. Jones. (2006). Erosion and tourism infrastructure in the coastal zone : Problems, consequences and manage-ment, Tourism Management, Volume 27, 517–524, www.elsevier.com/locate/tourman.

Martin Schieg. (2006). Risk management in construction project management, Journal of Business Economics and Management, Vol VII, No 2, 77–83.

Mastura Labombang, (2011). Manajemen Risiko dalam Proyek Konstruksi, Jurnal SMARTek, Vol. 9 No. 1, 39 – 46, Pebruari 2011.

Michigan Department of Tranportation (MDOT. (2021). Pavement Design and Selection, Michigan Departement of Transportation, Edisi Juni 24.

Mohamed E. Hereher. (2015). Coastal vulnerability assessment for Egypt's Mediterranean coast, Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, Vol. 6, No. 4, 342–355.

Naser Ahmed, Newton Howlader, Muhammad Al-Amin Hoque, Biswajeet Pradhan. (2021). Coastal erosion vulnerability assess-ment along the eastern coast of Bangladesh using geospatial techniques, Ocean and Coastal Management, Volume 199, www.elsevier.com/locate/ocecoaman.

Nelson Rangel-Buitrago, William J. Neal, Victor N. de Jong. (2020). Risk assessment as tool for coastal erosion management, Ocean and Coastal Management, Volume 186, http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ocecoaman.

Onengiyofori Odimabo, Chike F Oduoza. (2017). Guidelines to Aid Project Managers Conceptualising and Implementing Risk Management in Building Projects, Procedia Manufacturing 17, 515-522, www.elsevier.com/ locate/procedia.

Pawel Szymanski. (2017). Risk management in construction projects, Procedia Engineering, Volume 208, 174–182, www. Else-vier.com/locate/procedia.

Prerna Jain, Hans J. Pasman, Simon Waldram, E.N. Pistikopoulos, M. Sam Mannan. (2018). Process Resilience Analysis Frame-work (PRAF): A systems approach for improved risk and safety management, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Volume 18, 61-73.

Rita Rostika,Noir Primadona Purba, Muhammad Lutfi, Jaya Kelvin, Irfan Silalahi. (2016). The managing plan for abrasion in coastal area of Garut Regency, Procedia Environmental Sciences, Volume 33, 512 – 519, www.sciencedirect.com.

Robby Caspeele, Dan M. Frangopol & Yiannis Tsompanakis. (2020). Life-cycle, risk, resilience and sustainability of civil infra-structure, STRUCTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING, VOL. 16, NO. 4, 517–519.

Scheving. (2011).A.G, Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Asphalt and Concrete Pavements, Thesis School of Science and Engineering, Reykjavík University.

Shahin, M. Y. (1994). Pavement Management for Airport, Road, andParking Lots, Chapman & Hall.

Sigit Sutikno. (2011). Analisis Laju Abrasi Pantai Pulau Bengkalis dengan Menggunakan Data Satelit, Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Riau ssutiknoyk@yahoo.com.

Well-Stam, D Van, et.al. (2004). Project Risk Management: an essential tool for managing and controlling project, Kogan Page, London and Sterling VA.

Susan Drejzaa, Pascal Bernatcheza,Guillaume Mariea, Stéphanie Friesinger. (2019. Quantifying road vulnerability to coastal haz-ards: Development of a synthetic index, Ocean and Coastal Management, Volume 181.

Terje Aven. (2016). Risk assessment and risk management : Review of recent advances on their foundation, European Journal of Operational Research, www.elsevier.com/locate/ejor.

Thieler, E.R., Himmelstoss, E.A., Zichichi, J.L., and Ergul, Ayhan. (2009). Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.0-An ArcGIS extension for calculating shoreline change: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008- 1278.

Wideman, Max.R. (1992). Project And Program Risk Management: A Guide To Managing Project Risk Opportunities. Project Management Institute. Amerika.

Xuchao Yang, Lin Lin, Yizhe Zhang, Tingting Ye, Qian Chen, Cheng Jin, and Guanqiong Y, (2019). Spatially Explicit Assess-ment of Social Vulnerability in Coastal China, Sustainability, https://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability, 11, 5075.

Yaning Qiao, Andrew R. Dawson, Tony Parry, Gerardo W. Flintsc. (2015). Evaluating the effects of climate change on road maintenance intervention strategies and Life-Cycle Costs, Transportation Research Part D, Volume 41, 492–503, www.elsevier.com/ locate/trd.

You Dong, Mitsuyoshi Akiyama, Dan M. Frangopol & Yiannis Tsompanakis. (2021). Risk- resilience and sustainability-informed assessment and management of civil infrastructure in a life-cycle context, STRUCTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGI-NEERING, VOL. 17, NO. 4, 441–442.t D, Volume 41, 492–503, www.elsevier.com/ locate/trd.

You Dong, Mitsuyoshi Akiyama, Dan M. Frangopol & Yiannis Tsompanakis. (2021). Risk- resilience and sustainability-informed assessment and management of civil infrastructure in a life-cycle context, STRUCTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGI-NEERING, VOL. 17, NO. 4, 441–442.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.52088/ijesty.v2i2.255

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