Application of Off-Grid Solar Panels System for Household Electricity Consumptions in Facing Electric Energy Crisis

Selamat Meliala, Saifuddin Muhammad Jalil, Wahyu Fuadi, Asran Asran


At this time the cost of electricity is very expensive which is felt by the community because the government is still exploring oil and natural gas which is the need for non-renewable energy sources that are running low. This non-renewable energy still dominates for power generation in the thousands of Mega Watts. To anticipate the problem of non-renewable energy that is so big, you can use the On Grid-Tie System, sunlight is converted into DC voltage through the Solar Module, a pure DC voltage that comes out of the solar module. And Off Grid-Tie System namely sunlight is converted into DC voltage through the Solar Module, pure DC voltage generated from the solar module. Then the pure DC voltage uses a DC to DC regulation module or is called a DC regulator. DC regulator which aims to regulate the storage of DC current into the battery. Then the battery is used to supply power to the inverter. The method used in this study uses an off-grid solar home system as a power supply for households that are far from the electricity network or save electricity consumption due to expensive electricity rates. For settings for the intensity of sunlight using a portable holder, the solar panels are shifted manually in order to get the optimal light intensity to produce large output power. In off-grid application testing at household loads, from a load test of 93.5 watts to 750 watts, it shows that the load current is getting bigger and the discharging current is also large so that the duration of using the off-grid system from a load of 93.5 watts is 6 hours long and at a load of 750 watts. up to 15 minutes. This is because the condition of the lead-acid battery is maintained from 13.56 to 11.5 Volt DC, the battery should not be forced below the 11.5 Volt voltage because it will cause damage to the battery. For the use of loads that respond to very high instantaneous currents such as electric irons, dispensers, rice cookers should use more batteries and use an off-grid system voltage higher than 12 Volt DC.


Off-Grid System, Solar Module, Inverter, Solar Charge Controler, Battery

Full Text:



S. Meliala, “Implementasi On Grid Inverter pada Instalasi Rumah Tangga untuk Masyarakat Pedesaan dalam Rangka Antisipasi Krisis Energi Listrik,” Jurnal Litek : Jurnal Listrik Telekomunikasi Elektronika, vol. 17, no. 2. p. 47, 2020, doi: 10.30811/litek.v17i2.1902.

X. Y. Guo, J. M. Chen, and Q. H. Liu, “Real-time and grid-connected control of PV power system,” APAP 2011 - Proc. 2011 Int. Conf. Adv. Power Syst. Autom. Prot., vol. 2, pp. 923–928, 2011, doi: 10.1109/APAP.2011.6180724.

S. Meliala, R. Putri, and M. Sadli, “Perancangan Penggunan Panel Surya Kapasitas 200 WP On Grid System pada Rumah Tangga di Pedesaan,” J. Tek. Elektro Univ. Malikussaleh, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 100–111, 2020.

J. Tompkins, M. Musiak, and N. Magotra, “Design of a low cost DC/AC inverter for integration of renewable energy sources into the smart grid,” Midwest Symp. Circuits Syst., vol. 2017-Augus, pp. 487–490, 2017, doi: 10.1109/MWSCAS.2017.8052966.

G. E. Wkh et al., “Control of Low Volatge Grid-Tied solar PV System,” pp. 5–10.

A. Malkhandi, S. Mishra, and N. Senroy, “The control loop shaping in grid tied inverter for weak grid scenario,” 2020 21st Natl. Power Syst. Conf. NPSC 2020, 2020, doi: 10.1109/NPSC49263.2020.9331894.

A. Jasuan, Z. Nawawi, and H. Samaulah, “Comparative Analysis of Applications Off-Grid PV System and On-Grid PV System for Households in Indonesia,” Proc. 2018 Int. Conf. Electr. Eng. Comput. Sci. ICECOS 2018, pp. 253–258, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ICECOS.2018.8605263.

A. Shahid, “Smart Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Systems,” 7th Int. IEEE Conf. Renew. Energy Res. Appl. ICRERA 2018, vol. 5, no. Ii, pp. 944–948, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ICRERA.2018.8566827.

G. Wu et al., “Parameter Design Oriented Analysis of the Current Control Stability of the Weak-Grid-Tied VSC,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1458–1470, 2021, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2020.3009517.

M. Bouzguenda, A. Gastli, A. H. A. Badi, and T. Salmi, “Solar photovoltaic inverter requirements for smart grid applications,” 2011 IEEE PES Conf. Innov. Smart Grid Technol. - Middle East, ISGT Middle East 2011, vol. 2010, pp. 1–5, 2011, doi: 10.1109/ISGT-MidEast.2011.6220799.

L. Yang et al., “A new theory of reactive power control of grid connected PV inverter,” Proc. - 2015 Int. Conf. Intell. Transp. Big Data Smart City, ICITBS 2015, pp. 35–38, 2016, doi: 10.1109/ICITBS.2015.15.

J. Mnisi, S. P. D. Chowdhury, and L. Ngoma, “Grid integration of solar PV for green energy,” 6th IEEE Int. Energy Conf. ENERGYCon 2020, pp. 782–786, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ENERGYCon48941.2020.9236485.

V. Myathari, S. Siddiki, and M. Siddiki, “Design and Economic analysis of a Grid-tied PV system to power a small village,” pp. 1658–1664, 2020.

J. B. Noshahr, B. Mohamadi, M. Kermani, and M. Kermani, “Operational Planning of Inverter Control in a grid connected Microgrid with hybrid PV and BESS,” Proc. - 2020 IEEE Int. Conf. Environ. Electr. Eng. 2020 IEEE Ind. Commer. Power Syst. Eur. EEEIC / I CPS Eur. 2020, 2020, doi: 10.1109/EEEIC/ICPSEurope49358.2020.9160692.

S. Batteries Committee of the IEEE Power and E. Society, “IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications IEEE Power & Energy Society,” vol. 2014, 2011.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - IEEE, “IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation and Maintenance of Lead-Acid Batteries for Photovoltaic ( PV ) Systems,” Std 937-2007, IEEE, vol. 2007, no. June, pp. 1–31, 2007.

D. Mohapatra, S. Padhee, and J. Jena, “Design of Solar Powered Battery Charger: An Experimental Verification,” 2018 IEEE Int. Students’ Conf. Electr. Electron. Comput. Sci. SCEECS 2018, 2018, doi: 10.1109/SCEECS.2018.8546929.

M. Alramlawi, Y. Souidi, and P. Li, “Optimal design of PV-Battery Microgrid Incorporating Lead-acid Battery Aging Model,” Proc. - 2019 IEEE Int. Conf. Environ. Electr. Eng. 2019 IEEE Ind. Commer. Power Syst. Eur. EEEIC/I CPS Eur. 2019, 2019, doi: 10.1109/EEEIC.2019.8783927.

M. I. Wahyuddin, P. S. Priambodo, and H. Sudibyo, “State of Charge (SoC) Analysis and Modeling Battery Discharging Parameters,” Proc. - 2018 4th Int. Conf. Sci. Technol. ICST 2018, pp. 2–6, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ICSTC.2018.8528631.

J. Zich and J. Jandik, “Active battery management system for home battery energy storage,” Proc. - 2020 21st Int. Sci. Conf. Electr. Power Eng. EPE 2020, pp. 18–21, 2020, doi: 10.1109/EPE51172.2020.9269172.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Selamat Meliala, Saifuddin Muhammad Jalil, Wahyu Fuadi, Asran Asran

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Engineering, Science and Information Technology (IJESTY) eISSN 2775-2674