Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Teak Sawdust-Reinforced Composite Boards Affected by the Alkalization Process

Reza Putra, Muhammad Muhammad, T Hafli, Nurul Islami, Muhammad Nugraha P, M Irsyad K


The development of the teak wood processing industry is growing rapidly, especially in the Aceh area. Allows a lot of waste to be generated. This research was conducted by utilizing sawn wood waste into particle boards. To test the physical and mechanical properties of particleboard using a matrix of teak waste and SHCP 2668 WNC resin with a ratio of 60: 40, and variations in treatment (NaOH) 2,5, 5, and 7,5% in immersion for 2 hours. Then the particleboard is compressed using a hot press machine at a temperature of 150ËšC for 20 minutes, and a pressure of 50 kg/cm2. Then tested according to SNI 03-2105-2006 standards, namely density, thickness expansion, moisture content, elasticity, and modulus of fracture. The results of the particle board test on the physical and mechanical properties test, namely the density yielded the best value for the 5% (NaOH) treatment with a value of 0.854 gr/cm3, the best water content test with 2.5% (NaOH) treatment with a value of 4.563 %, viscous development with treatment (NaOH) 5% with a value of 7.573%, the best elasticity test on treatment (NaOH) 2.5% with a value of 2.470 kgf/cm2, and the best fracture modulus test on treatment (NaOH) 7.5% with a value of 48.611 kgf/cm2 declared to meet the standard requirements of SNI 03-2105-2006. With alkaline treatment, particleboard gives a relatively good value compared to no treatment.


Particleboard, NaOH, Density, Elasticity, Fracture Modulus.

Full Text:



Bai C, Dallasega P, Orzes G, Sarkis J,†Industry 4.0 technologies assessment: A sustainability perspective†International Journal of Production Economics. Vol.229. 2020.

FA Ali, K Hamzah, NS Khashi’ie, I Waini, N Mustafa, NMAN Long,†Mechanical And Physical Properties Of Sawdust-Reinforced Epoxy Resin Compositesâ€, Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University. Vol.57 No.3. 2022.

T. Raja, Mohanavel Vinayagam M, Thanakodi S, A. H. Seikh, M. H. Siddique, Subbiah R, Gebrekidan A.M, “Mechanical Properties of Banyan Fiber-Reinforced Sawdust Nanofiller Particulate Hybrid Polymer Compositeâ€. Journal of Nanomaterials. Hindawi. Vol. 2022.

Ferede E, “Evaluation of Mechanical and Water Absorption Properties of Alkaline-Treated Sawdust-Reinforced Polypropylene Compositeâ€. Journal of Engineering. Hindawi. Vol. 2020.

Baheramsyah A, Wardhana E.M, Husein M.A. “Analysis of Palm Fiber and Coconut Coir Usage as Purse Seine Cargo Chamber Insulatorâ€. International Journal of Marine Engineering Innovation and Research – Volume 3 Issue 1. 2018

Auriga R., Gumowska A., Szymanowski K., Wronka A., Robles E., Ocipka P. and Kowaluk G., “Performance properties of plywood composites reinforced with carbon fibersâ€. Composite Structures. 248, 112533. 2020.

Bal B.C., BektaÅŸ Ä°., MengeloÄŸlu F., KarakuÅŸ K. and Demir H.Ö. “Some technological properties of poplar plywood panels reinforced with glass fiber fabricâ€. Construction and Building Materials. 101, 952- 957. 2015

Muhammad, Putra, R., Hafli, T., Asnawi. “Effect of Pineapple Leaf Fiber Volume Fraction with 157 BQTN-EX as a Matrix on the Tensile Strength of the Compositeâ€. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Experimental and Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore. 2021.

Alokabel K, Betan A.D, “Pengaruh Variasi Serbuk Kayu terhadap Sifat Mekanis Material Komposit†Tapak. Vol 8. No.2. 2019.

Chandramohan, D.; Marimuthu, K. A. “Review on Natural Fibersâ€. Int. J. Res. Rev. Appl. Sci. Vol. 8., 2011

Bootkul D, Butkul T, Intarasiri S., “Physical and Mechanical Properties of Wood Plastic Composites from Teak Wood Sawdust and High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)â€, Key Engineering Materials 751:277-282. 2017.,

12. Mercy J.L, Tanvir M.S, Swaroopkanth K., “Experimental Investigation and Taguchi Optimisation of Drilling Properties on Teak Wood Reinforced Epoxy Resinâ€. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Vol. 197., 2017

Desiasni R, Widyawati F, Monica R., “Pengaruh Ukuran Partikel terhadap Sifat Fisik Dan Mekanik Komposit Limbah Gergaji Kayu Jati Dengan Matrik Resin Epoxyâ€. Hexagon. Vol.3 No.1., 2022.

Mawardi I; Lubis H, “Proses manufaktur plastik dan kompositâ€. Penerbit Andi, Yogyakarta :, 2019.

Gibson, R. F., “Principles of composite material mechanicsâ€. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994

Sudarsono, S., Rusianto, T., & Suryadi, Y. “Pembuatan Papan Partikel Berbahan Baku Sabut Kelapa Dengan Bahan Pengikat Alami (Lem Kopal)â€. Jurnal Teknologi, 3(1), 22–32. 2010.

Moncrieff, F. “Man-made fibresâ€. London (United Kingdom): Heywood & Co. Ltd.1975

FRP Services & Company, “Singapore Highpolymer Chemical Product, HSCP 2669CM-Mâ€, Osaka, Japan. 2013.

Jamasri, Yudhanto F., “The Effect of Alkali Treatment and Addition of Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) on Physical and Tensile Properties of Ramie/Polyester Laminated Compositesâ€. Revue des Composites et des Matériaux Avancés-Journal of Composite and Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 77-84. 2022.

Song, Y., Jiang, W., Nie, K., Zhang, Y., Ben, H., Han, G., Ragauskas, A.J. “An alkali-free method to manufacture ramie fiberâ€. Textile Research, Journal, 89(17): 3653-3659. 2019.

Wang, X., Chang, L.L., Shi, X.L., Wang, L.H. “Effect of hot-alkali treatment on the structure composition of jute fabrics and mechanical properties of laminated compositesâ€. Materials, 12(9): 1386. 2019.

Rizanti, D. E., Darmawan, W., George, B., Merlin, A., Dumarcay, S., Chapuis, H., & Gerardin, P. “Comparison of teak wood properties according to forest management: short versus long rotationâ€. Annals of Forest Science 75(39). 2018.

Shmulsky, R., & Jones, P. D. “Forest products and wood science. An Introductionâ€. A John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2019.

Perhutani-A. “Statistik Perum Perhutani tahun 2014-2018â€. 2019.

Balakrishnan, S., Dev, S.A., Sakthi, A.R. et al. Gene-ecological zonation and population genetic structure of Tectona grandis L.f. in India revealed by genome-wide SSR markers. Tree Genetics & Genomes 17, 33 (2021).

Badan Standarisasi Nasional. “Standard Nasional Indonesia (SNI) Papan Partikel 03-2105-2006â€. 2018.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 91 times
PDF - 37 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Reza Putra, Muhammad Muhammad, T Hafli, Nurul Islami, Muhammad Nugraha P, M Irsyad K

International Journal of Engineering, Science and Information Technology (IJESTY) eISSN 2775-2674